古玩收藏推荐-贵州黔宝官炉造光绪十四年
发布时间:2019/09/11
【名称】贵州官炉造光绪十四年 黔宝
【规格】重:23.94g  直径:3.9cm  
【类别】钱币
                                 
贵州“黔宝”是近代钱币中极为罕见的精品银币之一,国内外许多藏家精心寻觅数十年,大多无缘相识。“光绪十四年贵州官炉造黔宝”银饼:成色好,没有记值单位,只在下面中央圆内有楷书“黔宝”的字,大意表示贵州货币或贵州钱币。此币除正面中央圆内有“黔宝”二字外,左右两边有两根花藤。观品相,包浆自然,银色耀眼,听声音清脆,余音缭绕,让人爱不释手。
 
贵州“黔宝银饼”具有浓郁的地区和民族特色:其一,从图案设计看,“黔宝银饼”没有照搬各地龙洋银币上的龙纹图案,而以少数民族的花枝珠圈为主题,简洁明快,别具一格;其二,从钱文内容看,“黔宝银饼”形制仿照广东“光绪元宝”库平七钱二分型银币,但没有像广东银元那样有记重、记值标志,而像传统银锭一样只标明铸地“黔宝”及铸造时间和铸造机构,独辟蹊径;其三,从铸造工艺看,当时贵州无力购置先进的铸币机器,“黔宝银饼”不是采用机器铸造,而是就地取材以手工土法打制而成。
此枚黔宝,直径3.9cm,重23.94g,包浆醇厚自然,刀工自然流畅,制作精整规范,工艺神乎其技。由于当时中国尚未有新式铸币设备,故文字及图案设计比较简朴,但银成色很高,更显露一种古色古香的味道,有极高的收藏和投资价值 !
 
 
“黔宝”的存量。在清代光绪年间,贵州经济比较落后,再加上封闭不通公路,市民需要交易品主要是换盐、布匹等;运输主要是人背、马驮,市场交易所需要的银货币数量不很多,基本是用铜钱。对于“黔宝”的铸量尚无资料可考,因技术条件所限,铸造量不会多;加上贵州少数民族素有银币打制首饰习惯,存世量极少。 
 
贵州黔宝光绪十四年官炉李晓萍《中国近代金银币图典》第137页载“光绪十四年至十六年(1888-1890)间,贵州巡抚潘蔚在任内,指定贵州官炉铸造了黔宝银饼。”极为珍稀,存世罕少。
Guizhou "Qianbao" is one of the rare fine silver coins in modern times. Many collectors at home and abroad have searched carefully for decades, but most of them have no chance to know each other. "Guizhou official stove made Qianbao in Guangxu 14 years" silver cake: good color, no unit of value, only in the central circle below the regular script "Qianbao", meaning Guizhou currency or Guizhou coins. The coin has two flower vines on both sides except Qianbao in the front central circle. Looking at the appearance, wrapping the pulp naturally, silver dazzling, listening to the voice crisp, lingering sound, let people love.
 
 
古玩古钱币
Guizhou "Qianbao Silver Cake" has strong regional and ethnic characteristics. Firstly, from the point of view of pattern design, "Qianbao Silver Cake" does not copy the dragon pattern on the Longyang Silver coin, but takes the flower branch and Pearl circle of ethnic minorities as the theme, which is concise, lively and unique; secondly, from the content of Qianbao Silver Cake, "Qianbao Silver Cake" is imitated in the form of Qianbao Silver Cake. Kuping seven-coin dichotomous silver coin of Guangxu Yuanbao in Guangdong Province did not have the mark of weight bearing and value recording as that of Guangdong Yinyuan, but only
indicated the place of casting Qianbao and the casting time and Foundry Institution like traditional silver ingot, which had a unique path. Thirdly, from the point of view of casting technology, Guizhou was unable to purchase advanced coining machine and Qianbao at that time. "Silver cake" is not made by machine, but by hand-made indigenous method.
This Qianbao is 3.9cm in diameter and 23.94g in weight. It has a mellow and natural slurry and smooth knife workmanship. It is made in a neat and standard way. Its craft is superb. Because there was no new coinage equipment in China at that time, the design of characters and patterns was simple, but the silver color was very high, which showed a kind of antique flavor, and had a high value of collection and investment.
The stock of Qianbao. During the Guangxu period of the Qing Dynasty, Guizhou's economy was relatively backward, coupled with the closed roads, the people needed to trade mainly in salt, cloth, etc. Transportation was mainly backed by people and horses, and the amount of silver money needed by market exchanges was not much, basically copper money. There is no data on the casting amount of "Qianbao". Due to the limitation of technical conditions, the casting amount will not be much. In addition, the minority nationalities in Guizhou have the habit of making jewelry with silver coins, and the stock is very small.    
 
In the 14th year of Guangxu, Guizhou Province, Li Xiaoping, the official stove of Guizhou Province, published on page 137 of the Atlas of Gold and Silver Coins in Modern China. During the 14th to 16th years of Guangxu (1888-1890), Pan Wei, governor of Guizhou Province, appointed Guizhou's official stove to cast Qianbao's silver cakes. Very rare, rare in the world. 

 

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